Computer Forensics News

Computer forensics is another aspect of electronic discovery that refers to any process in which data from a particular computer or network is thought, located, secured and searched with a purpose of using it as evidence in a civil or criminal legal case. Computer forensics has been around for a decade, but is still not…

Computer forensics is another aspect of electronic discovery that refers to any process in which data from a particular computer or network is thought, located, secured and searched with a purpose of using it as evidence in a civil or criminal legal case.

Computer forensics has been around for a decade, but is still not popular in the commercial sector making it unexploited. Its growth from discovery to practical operation has been very slow. Now that forensics has been fully established as a science, it has encouraged the police to set up high tech crime units. This has really pushed forensics to new heights, and a lot of people have become aware of its possible uses.

Computer forensics is not a task that can be taken up by any IT professional. It requires great skills and an acute investigative instinct. The acute shortage of experts has lead to huge competition among the private cyber-consulting firms, to hire computer forensic professionals, making computer forensics a highly paid profession. Senior police officers in computer forensics can always reap the benefits of multiple job offers, as they are being recruited for law enforcement and private industry jobs all over the country.

A new law has passed in Georgia for computer forensics, stating that forensics experts who testify in court without a PI license may be committing a felony.

A new password cracker has been launched that will allow forensic investigators help law enforcement agencies in their fight against crime and global terrorism. The password cracker identifies and removes password, from platter locked hard drives used in laptop computers and will be a major timesaver in the field or during covert investigations.

Growth in computer forensics has strengthened the police force. Enabling them to find hidden evidences and preserve them for future purposes. Here, growth in computer forensics has proved crucial in reducing the rate of crime all around the world.

Computer Forensics Examiners

Computer forensics examiners are professionals who use analytical and investigative techniques to provide digital evidence for a specific or general activity. The International Society of Forensic Computer Examiners provides the Certified Computer Examiner (CCE) certification for individuals who are interested in making a career in the field of Computer Forensics. The CCE certification is provided…

Computer forensics examiners are professionals who use analytical and investigative techniques to provide digital evidence for a specific or general activity.

The International Society of Forensic Computer Examiners provides the Certified Computer Examiner (CCE) certification for individuals who are interested in making a career in the field of Computer Forensics.

The CCE certification is provided with an intention to professionalize and further the field and science of computer forensics. The CCE certification provides a fair, uncompromised process for certifying the capability of forensic computer examiners. This certification is universally recognized, which helps in setting high and ethical forensic standards for forensic computer examiners.

CCE certification is only given to individuals with no criminal record. Examiners are certified only after they pass online exams and successfully perform actual forensic tests on three test medias. The certified examiner must adhere to the ISFCE code of ethical standards and professional responsibilities.

Before trying for certification, it is recommended that one has a proper understanding of basic rules of evidence, as they are related to the seizure or acquisition of magnetic media, handling, marking and storage of electronic evidence, the? Chain of custody? and the? right to privacy.?

Computer examiners are trained in proper evidence handling and documentation. With a logical thought process and investigative instincts, these individuals are able to operate at a wholly professional level.

People with a military background, government or former law enforcement officers have a chance to be successful computer forensic examiners, as they already have developed a fine investigative instinct.

Certified Computer forensic examiners are held in high regard. This is because an increasing number of companies and government agencies need them.

CCE certification is becoming a valuable credential for computer forensic examiners. Unfortunately a number of computer forensic examiners have false certification, so it is advisable to beware of examiners whose credibility can always be challenged.

Computer Forensic Classes

Computer forensics is becoming a popular profession among law enforcement, government intelligence and corporate security professionals. As the profession demands extra skills and an investigational instinct, basic training is necessary. This high quality computer forensic training is available through renovated universities and colleges for which conditions apply with regard to personal history and citizenship. The…

Computer forensics is becoming a popular profession among law enforcement, government intelligence and corporate security professionals. As the profession demands extra skills and an investigational instinct, basic training is necessary.

This high quality computer forensic training is available through renovated universities and colleges for which conditions apply with regard to personal history and citizenship.

The universities provide customized training designed to meet the specific needs of a law enforcement or intelligence agency. Expert faculty, who are retired personnel from major federal law enforcement agencies, trains professionals. They are internationally recognized for demonstrated expertise in the field.

An intensive 45 hours laboratory course is designed to equip government and corporate investigators with skills needed to safely locate and secure the computer evidence at search sites, as well as off-site analysis.

With the help of challenging group exercises and written examinations, forensic concepts and procedural skills are reinforced. An optional, online, 9-hour seminar is also available, primarily on hacker and child pornography.

Forensic examiners are provided with an essential understanding of federal and state computer laws by the newly introduced 5-day Computer Forensics Legal Issues course.

A special one-day non-examiner laboratory first responder course has been designed to introduce the examiner assistants to concepts and skills needed at the computer search. An 8-hour non-laboratory seminar, called Computer Forensics Program Manager is available for individual, responsible for supervising computer forensics operations. The course also provides an overview of essential computer forensics concepts and procedures, personnel staffing and equipment alternatives. The Program Manager seminar is inclusive of a 4-hour terrorist threat multimedia briefing.

A 6-day Computer Forensics Advanced course is designed using Linux to safely and effectively analyze Windows systems, including Windows 9.x. ME, XP and 2000 Professional. The program also includes a computer forensics technical report-writing laboratory. As the courses are no more restricted to fulltime government employees or a selected group of corporate security investigators, they are becoming popular among law enforcement, government intelligence, and corporate security professionals.

Computer Forensics Labs

Computer forensics labs are high-tech labs that are used for rendering computer forensic and other investigative services. Various software and techniques are used during the process of investigation, including password cracker, email converters, or the EnCase or Forensic Toolkit (FTK) software applications. Initially, an exact replica of the hard disk drive is created, so that…

Computer forensics labs are high-tech labs that are used for rendering computer forensic and other investigative services. Various software and techniques are used during the process of investigation, including password cracker, email converters, or the EnCase or Forensic Toolkit (FTK) software applications.

Initially, an exact replica of the hard disk drive is created, so that the evidence can be evaluated and processed from a forensic file. The identifying leads and computer evidence contained in files proves critical in determining the outcome of the case. The finds are then documented, and the opinions of experts are taken. The expert witness testimony proves very helpful to clarify technical computer issues in the litigation process. With the help of customized software, the forensics investigators can retrieve deleted data, hidden data and password-protected data. The retrieved data is then carefully documented and recorded in reports that are then presented at times of litigation.

On an average only 10 percent of these files may actually be used in litigation cases. Customized software is used to filter out unnecessary data, based on data relevant parameters covered on the software. Around 25 percent of the original data set can be filtered, using intelligent filtering methods. It is also used to remove duplicated items from the database, saving thousands of dollars for the company.

Computer evidence often decides the results of civil or criminal actions. Cases involving trading secrets, commercial disputes, misdemeanor and felony crimes can be or lost with the introduction of lost computer evidence. The latest high tech labs are equipped to recover such data.

Computers are widely used for criminal activities such as hacking, credit card frauds and intellectual property right crimes. This has created a rising need for forensic labs that are capable of collecting lost electronic evidences. These high-tech computer forensic labs are certainly an alarm for lawbreakers.

Computer Forensics Tools

In general, a computer forensic investigator will use a tool in order to gather data from a system (eg a computer or computer network) without altering the data on that system. This aspect of an investigation, the care taken to avoid altering the original data, is a fundamental principle of computer forensic examination and some…

In general, a computer forensic investigator will use a tool in order to gather data from a system (eg a computer or computer network) without altering the data on that system. This aspect of an investigation, the care taken to avoid altering the original data, is a fundamental principle of computer forensic examination and some of the tools available include function specifically designed to uphold this principle. In reality it is not always easy to gather data without altering the system in some way (even the act of shutting a computer down in order to transport it will most likely cause changes to the data on that system) but an experienced investigator will always strive to protect the integrity of the original data whenever possible. In order to do this, many computer forensic examinations involve the making of an exact copy of all the data on a disk. This copy is called an image and the process of making an image is often referred to as imaging. It is this image which is usually the subject of subsequent examination.

Another key concept is that deleted data, or parts thereof, may be recoverable. Generally speaking, when data is deleted it is not physically wiped from the system but rather only a reference to the location of the data (on a hard disk or other medium) is removed. Thus the data may still be present but the operating system of the computer no longer “knows” about it. By imaging and examining all of the data on a disk, rather than just the parts known to the operating system, it may be possible to recover data which has been accidently or purposely deleted.

Although most real world tools are designed to carry out a specific task (the hammer to hammer nails, the screwdriver to turn a screw, etc.) some tools are designed to be multi-functional. Similarly some computer forensic tools are designed with only one purpose in mind whereas others may offer a whole range of functionality. The unique nature of every investigation will determine which tool from the investigator's toolkit is the most appropriate for the task in hand.

As well as differenting in functionality and complexity, computer forensic tools also differ in cost. Some of the market-leading commercial products cost thousands of dollars while other tools are completely free. Again, the nature of the forensic examination and the goal of the investigation will determine the most appropriate tools to be used.

The collection of tools available to the investigator continues to expand and many tools are regularly updated by their developers to enable them to work with the latest technologies. Furthermore, some tools provide similar functionality but a different user interface, whereas others are unique in the information they provide to the examiner. Against this background it is the task of the computer forensic examiner to judge which tools are the most appropriate for an investigation, bearing in mind the nature of the evidence which needs to be collected and the fact that it may at some stage be presented to a court of law. Without doubt, the growing number of both civil and criminal cases where computer forensic tools play a significant role makes this a fascinating field for all those involved.

Computer Forensics Methods For the Home User

Many homes today have more than one computer or even a home network. Homes today have: parents who use the computer for work, gaming and entertainment and also their children use it for schoolwork, gaming and socializing with their friends. If you need to find out what's happening on your computer when you are not…

Many homes today have more than one computer or even a home network. Homes today have: parents who use the computer for work, gaming and entertainment and also their children use it for schoolwork, gaming and socializing with their friends.

If you need to find out what's happening on your computer when you are not using it, you can do so by running software on it that tells you everything. If you prefer the long way, you could try sifting through files on the desktop to look at history, cookies, websites visited and images caches but this method is long and tedious and will not tell you everything. Plus, the others in your household may be clearing their tracks after using the computer.

You can set up your computer so that it erases all your files after each use making investigating the habits of your children, teenagers or spouse difficult. If they are clearing out the cache and temporary internet files after each use it can feel near impossible to find out what they are doing.

As a parent or husband or wife you may feel the need to investigate what your family members are doing on the computer. Perhaps you are worried that your children are chatting with strangers and giving out personal information. Maybe you are worried that your teen son is downloading pornography or that your teenaged daughter is chatting with undesirables. Maybe you're even worried that your husband is downloading pornography or that your wife is chatting with other men.

Whatever your concern, you can find out precisely what's happening without your family member knowing that they are under your surveillance. Programs can log every move made on the computer and report to you. You can easily install it to run in stealth mode on your personal computer to track:

-Websites visited

-Chat conversations from any instant messaging program

-Emails sent and received

-Screen shots

-Time logs

And more …

Some can send you encrypted files to any address you choose that will give you the information you need to either put your mind at ease that nothing unsafe or inappropriate is happening in your home or arm you with the evidence you need in order to confront a situation with a member of your household. These programs can find out what you need and then be removed or deactivated at will.

Children are faced with bullying and online predators constantly online. Some children do not tell their parents when they run into trouble. Some children carry on internet conversations with who they perceive to be other children but that may be pedophiles.

Spouses sometimes carry on Internet based relationships or participate in pornographic activities online. This may be something you need to know to help you in your relationship.

Online Computer Forensic Course

Tech savvy and tech savvy wannabes alike can now learn more and more even at the comforts of their homes and couches. Those who already have a bachelor's degree in computer or Information Technology related courses can further expand their expertise with an ease through a higher computer course online. Similarly, non-IT professionals or skilled…

Tech savvy and tech savvy wannabes alike can now learn more and more even at the comforts of their homes and couches. Those who already have a bachelor's degree in computer or Information Technology related courses can further expand their expertise with an ease through a higher computer course online. Similarly, non-IT professionals or skilled people who are in need of basic or advance IT training constrained by distance or busy schedule can opt for the online education option.

Working in an IT-based or IT-intertwined company means continuing upgrading, learning, and exposure to the latest trends and knowledge on computer technology and all its related facets. In the IT world, innovation, competency, and modernity are essential for survival and longevity. With the advent of more sophisticated internet, expanding skills and competencies in information technology has become easier and more constraints-sensitive. An online computer course is now just clicks of a computer away.

For those who have just stepped inside the world of information technology, a number of beginner's courses are available. Starter usually have to begin learning various computer programs and applications. Many software and computer companies, like Linux, are now offering online computer training and programming courses. For * Microsoft applications *, training courses on Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, MS Project, MS Office 97, MS Office 2000, Windows operating systems, and Windows NT Workstation are mostly taken up by beginners. MAC OS9 and MAC troubleshooting training courses are the ones mostly taken by MAC starters. These online training courses mostly come in packages priced based on extensiveness and promotions campaign by the manufacturers.

Web design, web development, web management, web graphics and animation training, HTML courses, and many others are available for people already equipped with basic computer applications training. For more advanced IT enthusiasts, online training and full blown computer courses are also abundant. There are online courses on telecommunications, technology and security, search engine positioning, wireless technology, networking, systems design, and systems management.

In a more complex note, there is already an online course on computer forensics. The High-Tech Crime Network now has an online training center providing computer forensic training. The training program is specifically intended and designed for professionals in the field of network administration, IS and MIS specialization, auditing, investigation, and fraud examinations. The program trains them in handling computer sources that potentially contain pieces of evidence and pertinent data relevant to the cases that are handling.

The computer forensic training course trains a forensic person in recovering, retrieving, and analyzing data from disk operating systems, Windows operating system (with concentration on Windows 9.x), and even from NTFS structures used by Windows NT, 2000, and XP operating systems. Data collected from these sources are then studied for their potential use in legal investigations or even court hears and other investigative proceedings.

The program is very time-flexible, giving its students enough time to fully comprehend the principles and procedures of modern forensics method. It is also lenient in terms of workshops and practical applications, allowing the trainer and trainee to have more time in digesting the data at hand. The program allows the students to proceed to the next level of training in the time most convenient for their schedules.

The program uses advance methodologies in forensic investigation like recovery of pieces of evidence from a magnetic source and transforming these raw data into accurate translations. This is followed by practical exercises on data presentation and analysis. These exercises are aimed at training the students in conducting sterile examination on various media, creation of forensic boot storage devices, replication of various media into forensic forms, and recovery of erased, altered, hidden, and even lost data. The exercises prepare a student to learn unlocking passwords, formatting data, accessing mail, and other private web-based information storage media, collating internet related files and cookies.

For about four months or so, a student in this program will be able to configure sound analysis on technology-based pieces of evidence. Graduates of this program are expected to aid in more expedient and accurate investigations of hard-to-solve frauds and felonies. This program boasts of a partnership with Kennesaw State University.

Computer Forensics Jobs

Computer forensics is a fast-growing career field, offering immense potential for jobs in law enforcement, military, intelligence agencies, corporations, and businesses. The job opportunities are skyrocketing, commensurate with the rapid spurt in computer crimes. Computer crimes, in the beginning, had only a sporadic occurrence. Now, it has become a fact of life that has to…

Computer forensics is a fast-growing career field, offering immense potential for jobs in law enforcement, military, intelligence agencies, corporations, and businesses. The job opportunities are skyrocketing, commensurate with the rapid spurt in computer crimes.

Computer crimes, in the beginning, had only a sporadic occurrence. Now, it has become a fact of life that has to be dealt with by law enforcement agencies. As computer applications and the Internet have become inseparable parts of life, the instances of wrong-doing with the help of computers are the order of the day.

For tackling crimes, the computers themselves have to be screened despite to determine whether they have been used for illegal or unauthorized activities or frauds.

This can be done only by computer forensic experts who gain the tools through on-the-job experience, certification programs, and other qualifications.

Computer forensic professionals are known by many titles, such as computer forensic investigators, digital media analysts, and digital forensics detectives. Each one describes the same career as it is concerned with the investigation of digital media.

A computer forensic specialist salaries salaries ranging from $ 85,000 to $ 120,000 per year, depending upon one of skills and experience and the company and organizations he works for. Private companies offer more lucrative salies than law enforcement agencies.

A graduate degree in computer forensics can help advance the career, making one eligible for positions as forensic team leaders or bureau supervisors. Fifty percent of FBI jobs require computer forensic applications.

Consulting is an attractive field for computer forensic professionals, as they are independent and free agents. They take up assignments at will and charge hefty sums for their time spent on the job. They bill the client per hour. The hourly remissions ranges from $ 375 to $ 600, depending upon the kind of job they complete.

There will be an ever-increasing demand for qualified security and computer forensic professionals. Computer and networking skills no longer suffice as security is of prime importance for the server, work station, or router.

Computer Forensics Software

Computer forensics software programs are used to detect computer frauds, crimes, etc., automatically, without retaining the services of a computer forensic specialist. Software solution processes detect operations done on a computer illegally or without authorization. The detection by these tools or software is documented and produced in a court of law. A number of companies…

Computer forensics software programs are used to detect computer frauds, crimes, etc., automatically, without retaining the services of a computer forensic specialist. Software solution processes detect operations done on a computer illegally or without authorization.

The detection by these tools or software is documented and produced in a court of law.

A number of companies such as AccessData and WetStone are developing applications that automatically generate forensic responses, eliminating the services of a computer forensic specialist. By installing such software, a lot of expenditure can be eliminated.

It is only when the software fails or finds itself that insufficient computer forensics consultants are called in. The latest developments estimate that software solutions for computer frauds and crimes are turning effective.

These software programs promise to manage everything from copying hard disks to evaluating evidence. Most of them cost around $ 1,000 per license so that anyone with security concerns can purchase them and get them installed without any hassle.

Utah-based AccessData has released a forensic tool kit to complement a previously limited consulting business. WetStone Technologies uses software for helping companies address steganography, the process by which nefarius employees encrypt and embed data within e-mail attachments. X-Ways Forensics, the Forensic Edition of Winhex, has software solutions galore with forensic features.

There are hundreds of other software kits that are continuously updating, with the incidence of sharper cyber-specific crimes. Such software can natively interpret and show the directory structure and mismanagement of the system, with recovery facilities.

These are pro-active software solutions that can detect unauthorized operations as and when these are done.

There are also numerous software suites that will go after specific instances of wrong-doing. Guidance Software sticks to software applications. Its flagship product, EnCase, is marketed as a full-service forensic tool. With the development of more and more software solutions, computer criminals are also catching up.

Computer criminals enabled with a new wave of tools and techniques can easily crack into corporate networks. As a result, the computer crime graph is going to peak. The Committee of Experts on Crime in Cyber-Space, an international coalition, has called for a treaty for increased computer surveillance for law enforcement officials around the world.

Computer Forensics Consulting

Computer forensics consulting is an emerging and fast-growing field in which consulting services are offered to governmental agencies, military, corporations, small companies, and businesses. Computer forensic specialists offer their services in an independent capacity. This means that they are not on the regular staff of any agency or institution. Computer forensic specialists can be hired…

Computer forensics consulting is an emerging and fast-growing field in which consulting services are offered to governmental agencies, military, corporations, small companies, and businesses. Computer forensic specialists offer their services in an independent capacity. This means that they are not on the regular staff of any agency or institution.

Computer forensic specialists can be hired as consultants or freelancers for regular work in small businesses and institutions that can not appoint regular computer forensic experts. They may even be retained for a particular assignment for unusual data recovery situations.

These consultants are paid by the hour for the work they do and the services they render, which usually are the same as an in-house computer forensic specialist does. They are responsible as regular computer forensic experts for retrieving and evaluating data encrypted or stored on digital media.

The consultant has variety in discharging his functions, as he works on a case-to-case basis. Each case may differ from the other, for which the specialist will have to infuse all the skills and applications to ferret out the information and data. The computer forensics consultant will also have to go through the same processes of filing the data before a court of law. He should have adequate knowledge of the legal processes.

Computer forensic investigators often starting their careers in law enforcement agencies or computer security. They learn the techniques on-the-job or through training and certification. Later, they establish themselves in offering consulting services.

As computer forensics investigators have become much thought-after, educational achievements in the field are becoming desirable, for which associate degree, bachelor's degree, or master's degree courses are available.

The computer forensic consultants have to prove their qualifications. Certificates are available with a large number of organizations. However, the two most common certifications are the Certificate Information Systems (CISS) and the Certified Computer Examiner (CCE). These are voluntary credentials, which should be provided to the agencies or firms that retain consultants.

There are professional certificate programs, which are a common method of learning education in computer forensics. Certificate programs are short-courses of study requiring less than ten courses.

With increasing cases of computer fraud, computer forensics consulting is becoming a lucrative assignment.